The Imperial Collection is trans-ferred to the newly establishedKunsthistorisches Museum;neither Belvedere Palace isused for museum purposes.
The Moderne Galerie at theLower Belvedere opens as astate-owned museum andcounterpart of the ImperialCollection. The intention be-hind its founding is the pre-sentation of Austrian art inan international context. Thismission still stands today. In1908, acquisition of GustavKlimt’s The Kiss (Lovers).
Die Moderne Galerie im Unteren Belvedere (Groteskensaal), um 1930, Fotografie, ÖNB
Bombing during theSecond World Warseriously damages thepalaces. Reconstructionbegins in 1945. In 1953the museum reopens atthe Upper Belvedere asthe Austrian Gallery.